Posts From December, 2009


 

Osteoarthritis Bracing 

Friday, December 04, 2009 8:38:59 AM
Unicompartmental osteoarthritis of the knee is one of the most common forms of arthritis that affects millions of people today. Osteoarthritis, which is the degeneration of either the medial or lateral compartment of the knee, can result from an... read more
 

Orthotist Role 

Friday, December 04, 2009 8:33:42 AM
  An orthotist is a person who measures, designs, fabricates, fits, or services orthoses, and/or assists in the formulation of orthoses.   An orthosis is a device that is intended to be fitted to a person to correct a disability, or to... read more
 

Ankle-foot orthosis (AFO) - Detailed 

Friday, December 04, 2009 8:28:06 AM
Ankle-foot orthosis (abbreviated: AFO) is a brace, usually plastic, worn on the lower leg and foot to support the ankle, hold the foot and ankle in the correct position, and correct foot drop. Also known as a foot-drop brace. AFOs are commonly used... read more
 

Ankle-Foot Orthosis (AFO) 

Friday, December 04, 2009 8:26:36 AM
  A brace designed to aid in controlling the motion of the ankle joint and give stability to the foot giving control of both major joints of the foot.  The AFO can be fabricated with various materials including polypropylene plastic or ... read more
 

Bone Age 

Friday, December 04, 2009 8:24:30 AM
  Bone age is a way of describing the degree of maturation of a child's bones. As a person grows from fetal life through childhood, puberty, and finishes growth as a young adult, the... read more
 

Boot-type Walkers 

Friday, December 04, 2009 8:22:57 AM
The boot-type walkers can be provided in a fixed mode or with ankle joints to provide articulation.  Pneumatic support is also available.   The brace has a lightweight, durable, semi-rigid shell that will support the limb and... read more
 

Boston Scoliosis Brace 

Friday, December 04, 2009 8:16:00 AM
  Scoliosis is the abnormal curvature of the spine. The normal spine has natural curves that round the shoulders and make the lower back curve inward.  Scoliosis involves a three-dimensional deformity of the spinal column and rib... read more
 

Carbon Graphite Ankle Foot Orthosis 

Friday, December 04, 2009 8:15:22 AM
To understand how AFOs work, one must first understand two standard motions that occur at the ankle joint – “dorsiflexion” and “plantarflexion”. Plantarflexion is the motion the ankle joint makes when the toes point downward. Dorsiflexion is ... read more
 

CROW Orthosis 

Friday, December 04, 2009 8:13:57 AM
The Charcot Restraint Orthotic Walker (CROW) orthosis is a custom fabricated brace which maintains the foot in a plantigrade position for ambulation and protection of the joints and skin by the uniform transfer or distribution of weight over the... read more
 

Cruciform Anterior Stabilization Hyperextension Brace (CASH) 

Friday, December 04, 2009 8:13:19 AM
The CASH brace provides a high level of stabilization and hyperextension capabilities and offers a lightweight design providing easier application by the patient and better compliance with wearing protocol.   The brace is fit... read more
 

Custom Foot Orthotics 

Friday, December 04, 2009 8:08:12 AM
To understand the complexity of the human foot and the biomechanics of ambulation and weight bearing, we must understand that as an individual ambulates, the pelvis, femur, tibia and fibula undergoes rotation in the transverse plane.  This is ... read more
 

Custom Hip Orthosis 

Friday, December 04, 2009 8:02:32 AM
  The custom fabricated lumbosacral (LSO) orthosis is a circumferencial brace design controlling the lumbosacral spinal area.  Specific measurements and normally a cast is taken of the patient and used as a mold in fabricating the... read more
 

Custom Lumbosacral Orthosis (LSO) 

Friday, December 04, 2009 8:01:50 AM
  The custom fabricated lumbosacral (LSO) orthosis is a circumferencial brace design controlling the lumbosacral spinal area.  Specific measurements and normally a cast is taken of the patient and used as a mold in fabricating the... read more
 

Custom Mother's Hug Orthosis 

Friday, December 04, 2009 7:59:59 AM
The Mother’s Hug orthosis is a design incorporating an anterior section fabricated of polypropylene plastic with a posterior strapping and pad system.  It provides hyperextension position with three point pressure.  The orthosis is... read more
 

Custom Thoraco-Lumbosacral (TLSO) 

Thursday, December 03, 2009 1:00:58 PM
The custom fabricated thoraco-lumbosacral (TLSO) orthosis is a circumferencial brace design controlling both the thoracic and lumbosacral spinal areas.  Specific measurements and normally a cast is taken of the patient and used as a... read more
 

Denis-Browne Bar 

Thursday, December 03, 2009 12:59:56 PM
The Denis-Browne Bar is a device attached to the bottom of the child’s shoes and worn at night   The splint consists of a spreader bar and two metal plates or brackets to which shoes are attached.    The... read more
 

Dynamic Ankle Foot Orthosis (DAFO) 

Thursday, December 03, 2009 12:58:31 PM
A DAFO (Dynamic Ankle-Foot Orthosis) is designed to change the position of the patient’s foot during normal daily life. The more involved and less mobile the foot, the more “pushing” the brace must do to hold the new... read more
 

Femur 

Thursday, December 03, 2009 12:56:59 PM
The femur or thigh bone is the longest, most voluminous, and strongest bone of the mammalian bodies. It forms part of the hip and part of the knee.   The word femur is Latin for thigh. In strict usage, femur... read more
 

Fibula 

Thursday, December 03, 2009 12:56:07 PM
The fibula or calf bone is a bone located on the lateral side of the tibia, with which it is connected above and below. It is the smaller of the two bones, and, in proportion to its length, the most slender of all the long bones. Its upper... read more
 

Foot 

Thursday, December 03, 2009 12:55:20 PM
The foot is a biological structure found in many animals that is used for moving. The analagous structure in certain animals is the hoof or paw.   Bones of the foot   The... read more
 

Foot Type 

Thursday, December 03, 2009 12:53:50 PM
Foot type is determined by the shape and structure of the foot. Foot type affects the reduction of impact on the foot while walking, jogging, or running. Specifically the shape of the arch causes different levels of pronation in... read more
 

Fourth Metatarsal Bone 

Thursday, December 03, 2009 12:52:16 PM
The fourth metatarsal bone is smaller in size than the third; its base presents an oblique quadrilateral surface for articulation with the cuboid; a smooth facet on the medial side, divided by a ridge into an anterior portion for articulation... read more
 

Hallux Valgus Splint 

Thursday, December 03, 2009 12:51:29 PM
Hallux valgus deformity or bunions can be treated in several fashions.  One design that can be worn in shoes can help to redistribute the pressure along the arch and ball of the foot and control the separation of the bones.  The... read more
 

Halo Cervical Orthosis 

Thursday, December 03, 2009 12:50:40 PM
The Halo cervical orthosis provides the greatest control of all other cervical bracing systems.  The brace encircles the skull and secured with fixation pins that penetrate the outer table of the skull.  There are adjustable... read more
 

Human Leg 

Thursday, December 03, 2009 12:49:51 PM
In common usage, a human leg is the lower limb of the body, extending from the hip to the ankle, and including the thigh, the knee, and the cnemis. The largest bone in the human body, the femur, is in the leg.   ... read more
 

Humeral Fracture Bracing 

Thursday, December 03, 2009 12:48:15 PM
The humerus is the bone of the upper arm which connects the elbow to the shoulder.  Although multiple causes are reported, the most common cause for the humeral fracture is from a fall.  The humeral fracture is normally... read more
 

Jewett Spinal Brace 

Thursday, December 03, 2009 12:47:08 PM
The Jewett brace is a three-point pressure system, which allows extension of the spine, but prevents flexion or bending.  It consists of metal frame anteriorly, which is adjustable, with padding in the sternal, suprapubic and mid-back... read more
 

Knee Ankle Foot Orthosis (KAFO) 

Thursday, December 03, 2009 12:46:30 PM
A knee-ankle-foot orthosis (KAFO) extends from the thigh to the foot and may be used to control motion and alignment of the knee and ankle or provide supportfor the femur or tibia or both.   Some KAFO’s are made from... read more
 

Knee Immobilizer 

Thursday, December 03, 2009 12:45:27 PM
The knee immobilizer is used for a variety of knee conditions.  Normally, the brace is constructed of a soft-foam material which can be trimmed and easily adjusted.  There are normally malleable stays medially, laterally and often ... read more
 

Lumbar Corset 

Thursday, December 03, 2009 12:44:32 PM
The lumbar corset design primarily will reduce trunk motion and aide in pain management and provides a mild lumbar stabilization.  This is achieved with increased intra-abdominal pressure and three point pressure system with additional ... read more
 

Mechanical Knee Joints 

Thursday, December 03, 2009 12:39:14 PM
  The anatomical knee has a changing axis of rotation and mechanical joints that have a fixed axis cannot move in complete unison with it. Therefore, some shifting of the orthosis relative to the limb occurs during flexion and extension of... read more
 

Minerva Cervical Orthosis 

Thursday, December 03, 2009 12:36:25 PM
The Minerva cervical orthosis is a design that positions the head and applies stabilizing forces under and around the chin and occiput to restrict flexion and extension, lateral motion and rotation of the head and cervical spine. ... read more
 

Orthotic Hip Joints 

Thursday, December 03, 2009 12:32:46 PM
A hip-knee-ankle-foot orthosis (HKAFO) is used to treat deformity/injury of the entire lower extremity.  This high-level brace incorporates an orthotic hip joint, which stabilizes the hip and prevents abduction, adduction, and rotation.  ... read more
 

Osteoarthritis Knee Orthoses 

Thursday, December 03, 2009 12:18:38 PM
The design of the osteoarthritic (OA) knee orthosis must address several factors.  Control of instability due to joint laxity must be considered.  Flexible knee arthritic deformities must be considered through either varus or... read more
 

Pavlik Harness 

Thursday, December 03, 2009 12:16:30 PM
The Pavlik Harness is a brace design utilizing an anterior strapping system to obtain 90 degrees or more of hip flexion and the posterior strapping system to control abduction.   The design was first developed in 1944 by... read more
 

Phalanges of the Foot 

Thursday, December 03, 2009 12:15:05 PM
The phalanges of the foot correspond, in number and general arrangement, with those of the hand; there are two in the great toe, and three in each of the other toes. They differ from them, however, in their size, the bodies being much... read more
 

Philadelphia Collar 

Thursday, December 03, 2009 12:14:17 PM
The Philadelphia Collar was developed in 1971 and named by an orthotist in Philadelphia. The brace is a semi-rigid plastazote two-piece collar consisting of an occipital piece and a chin support extending to the sternal area. The brace is secured... read more
 

Pronation Syndrome & Orthotic Inserts 

Thursday, December 03, 2009 12:07:05 PM
Pronation syndrome is possibly the most common foot problem and occurs when a foot is misaligned.  There are several causes of these pronation syndromes, such as injury, disease, or congenital defect.  Underpronation ... read more
 

Providence Nighttime Scoliosis Brace 

Thursday, December 03, 2009 12:06:02 PM
The Providence Scoliosis brace system is designed to be worn at nighttime.  It has been reported that wearing compliance by adolescents being treated for scoliosis is considerably higher than those treated with daytime bracing... read more
 

Reciprocating Gait Orthosis (RGO) 

Thursday, December 03, 2009 11:53:45 AM
The RGO is designed to permit a reciprocal gait using a cable coupling system which supplies trunk and limb support for the paraplegic individual.   Basically, the RGO consists of bilateral long leg braces (KAFO’s) with... read more
 

Standing, Walking and Sitting Hip Orthosis (S.W.A.S.H.... 

Thursday, December 03, 2009 11:52:34 AM
The S.W.A.S.H. brace system is a unique design for individuals who have sitting imbalance and a scissoring gait associated with cerebral palsy.  The brace design provides a variable abduction throughout extension and flexion.  The ... read more
 

Sacroiliac Dysfunction and Bracing 

Thursday, December 03, 2009 11:49:34 AM
The sacroiliac (sacro-iliac) joint is the joint between the sacrum, at the base of the spine, and the ilium of the pelvis, which are joined by ligaments. This is the area where the sacral bone (found in the center of the upper buttocks) is... read more
 

Scoliosis Brace Options 

Thursday, December 03, 2009 11:47:40 AM
From the back view, a person’s spine is usually straight, rather than curved.  However, sometimes the spine not straight and the actual vertebrae are improperly aligned.  This is referred to as scoliosis.  Mild scoliosis, where the... read more
 

Scottish Rite Orthosis 

Thursday, December 03, 2009 11:46:05 AM
The Scottish Rite Orthosis was developed in 1971 at the Scottish Rite Hospital for Crippled Children in Atlanta, Georgia and became most popular for treatment of Legg-Calve-Perthes disease which is avascular necrosis of the proximal femoral ... read more
 

Second Metatarsal Bone 

Thursday, December 03, 2009 11:45:08 AM
The second metatarsal bone is the longest of the metatarsal bones, being prolonged backward into the recess formed by the three cuneiform bones. Its base is broad above, narrow and rough below. It presents four articular surfaces: one ... read more
 

Soft Cervical Collar 

Thursday, December 03, 2009 11:43:34 AM
The soft cervical collar is constructed of foam rubber and covered with a stockinette material.  Normally, the closure is achieved with Velcro.  Depending on the patient’s pathology and body structure, your physician and/or... read more
 

Spinal Bracing 

Thursday, December 03, 2009 11:42:34 AM
The bracing industry has been undergoing revolutionary advances in recent years with the emergence of new and innovative materials, as well as, engineering and scientific breakthroughs.  Bracing designs have significantly improved with... read more
 

Sports Bracing 

Thursday, December 03, 2009 11:41:49 AM
The bracing industry has been undergoing revolutionary advances in recent years with the emergence of new and innovative materials, as well as, engineering and scientific breakthroughs.  Bracing designs have significantly improved with... read more
 

Stance Phase Lock Knee Joint 

Thursday, December 03, 2009 11:40:44 AM
The Stance Phase Lock Knee Joint is a very innovative new design of automatic locking orthotic knee joint.  The design is based on a simple internal pendulum mechanism that locks and unlocks the knee depending on the angle of the joint ... read more
 

Standing Frame Orthosis 

Thursday, December 03, 2009 11:36:30 AM
The purpose of the Standing Frame orthosis is to provide an upright stance for the patient freeing the upper limbs for desired activities.  This erect posture improves kidney and bladder function, cardiorespiratory function, enhanced... read more
 

Sterno-Occipital Mandibular Immobilizer (SOMI) 

Thursday, December 03, 2009 11:34:17 AM
The Somi orthosis is designed to apply forces under the chin and occiput to restrict flexion and extension, as well as, rotation of the head and neck. It consists of the chin piece which will support your lower jaw.   ... read more
 

Study: Neuroprosthesis & Gait 

Thursday, December 03, 2009 11:32:29 AM
The Effect Of The NESS L300 Neuroprosthesis On Gait Stability And Symmetry   Jeffrey M. Hausdorff, Ph. D Division on... read more
 

Study: Neuroprosthesis effect on function 

Thursday, December 03, 2009 11:31:08 AM
The Effect Of A New Lower-limb Neuroprosthesis On Physical And Social Functioning   ... read more
 

Tennis Elbow Splint 

Thursday, December 03, 2009 11:23:11 AM
Tennis elbow is a painful condition localized to the outer aspect of the elbow.  It is due to inflammation or irritation of the extensor tendon attachment to the lateral humeral condyle.... read more
 

Tenodesis Splint 

Thursday, December 03, 2009 11:21:57 AM
The tenodesis or wrist driven orthosis is an excellent functional aid for the C6 quadriplegic with remaining use of the extensor carpi radialis. The orthotic function is to furnish prehension through reciprocal wrist extension... read more
 

Therapeutic Ambulatory Orthotic System (TAOS) 

Thursday, December 03, 2009 11:20:32 AM
The Therapeutic Ambulatory Orthotic System (TAOS) is designed to aid the individual with neuromotor impairments, including cerebral palsy encouraging upright hands free standing or ambulation.  The TAOS has two parts, an... read more
 

Third Metatarsal Bone 

Thursday, December 03, 2009 11:19:28 AM
The third metatarsal bone articulates proximally, by means of a triangular smooth surface, with the third cuneiform; medially, by two facets, with the second metatarsal; and laterally, by a single facet, with the fourth metatarsal. This... read more
 

Thoraco-Lumbar Corset 

Thursday, December 03, 2009 11:18:10 AM
The thoraco-lumbar corset design provides intra-abdominal pressure biomechanically.  It achieves mild trunk stabilization and extends into the thoracic region of the spine.  Normally, shoulder straps are included to help resist... read more
 

University California Berkley (UCBL) 

Thursday, December 03, 2009 11:16:27 AM
The UCBL is an arch support designed to passively correct hindfoot and/or forefoot abnormalities by complete realignment.  The use of the UCBL support has been most successful in treating children’s deformities, as the mature foot is... read more
 

Vascular Compression Garments 

Thursday, December 03, 2009 11:15:06 AM
Medical compression stockings provide a graduated compression (highest at the ankle and decreasing upward on the leg) to enhance venous return of blood flow to the heart.  The proper wearing of compression stockings accomplishes this by 1)... read more
 

Walkaide System 

Thursday, December 03, 2009 11:13:57 AM
The WalkAide is a battery-operated, single-channel electrical stimulator that can be used to address foot drop with functional electrical stimulation. The device utilizes a Tilt Sensor to control stimulation during normal gait. ... read more
 

When to Call the Prosthetist 

Thursday, December 03, 2009 11:12:57 AM
If one of these problems arises, the prosthetist should immediately be made aware: There is an open wound on the residual limb The amputee has... read more
 

Pectus Carinatum 

Thursday, December 03, 2009 11:09:58 AM
What Is Pectus Carinatum? Pectus Carinatum, which is referred to as “pigeon chest” is one of the most common chest wall deformities. It usually is first noticed around the child’s 11th birthday. Pectus Carinatum occurs when a patient’s chest is... read more
 

Pectus Carinatum Frequently Asked Questions 

Wednesday, December 02, 2009 8:56:28 AM
  What Is Pectus Carinatum? Pectus Carinatum, which is referred to as “pigeon chest” is one of the most common chest wall deformities. It usually is first noticed around the child’s 11th birthday. Pectus Carinatum occurs when a patient’s... read more
 
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